Ergonomic Design

Discussion of ergonomics and ergonomic design to minimize risk factors for the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs). Also includes discussion of OSHA Standard 29 CFR Part 1910 to explain the benefits of prevention of MSDs and CTDs to employers and employees. Prevention of musculoskeletal pain is also relevant to individuals who spend a lot of time social networking, gaming, or blogging.

What is Ergonomics?

Ergonomics is the science of fitting jobs to people, including anatomy, physiology, and psychology. 

What is Ergonomic Design? 

Ergonomic design is the application of this body of knowledge to the design of the workplace (i.e., work tasks, equipment, environment) for safe and efficient use by workers. 

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) 

Up to 85 percent of the population will suffer from musculoskeletal pain.  

Ergonomic Design for Prevention of MSDs

Musculoskeletal pain is a leading cause of health-care visits, particularly in primary care, sick absenteeism, and early pensions. . .Thus preventing disability and high-cost cases may result in large economic savings (2).  

Until prevention is granted more resources, programs need to be relatively cheap; and this suggests incorporating them into existing practice routines (2). 

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