Neck and Shoulder Pain

Neck and Shoulder pain are common among men and women. Younger and younger individuals are suffering with neck and shoulder pain. Preventative measures must be taken. Lumbar and pelvic position should be considered when control of cervical posture is desired to relieve or prevent neck pain. Use of a forward-slanted seat surface has been shown to reduce risk factors for neck and shoulder pain since it helps the sitting individual keep their cervical (neck) and lumbar (low back) spine aligned while seated. The risk factors for and causes of Neck and Shoulder pain that are outlined in the research are listed. Preventative measures for the development of Neck and Shoulder pain that are outlined in the research are also listed.

How Common is Neck and Shoulder Pain? 

A review of the medical literature from 1966 to 1997 showed that the one-year prevalence for neck and shoulder pain was 29 percent for men and 40 percent for women (1).

Can I Prevent Neck and Shoulder Pain?

It is necessary to take preventative measures.

Ergonomic aspects of the preventative measures should include:

  • Appropriate worker selection with sufficient training and instruction
  • Ergonomic design of workplaces
  • Ergonomic considerations in work organization (2)

Ergonomic Training Should Start Early to Minimize Risk of Neck and Shoulder Pain

Neck and shoulder pain are major problems in modern society.

With the increased use of computers and stationary designed workplaces, younger and younger people are faced with cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the neck and shoulders.

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How Can I Prevent Wrist Pain from Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

Information about what Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is and what causes Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Also includes information about: How to Sit to minimize your risk factors for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome; How to Hold your Wrists to minimize risk factors for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome; and How to Work to minimize your chance of developing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

How Can I Prevent Wrist Pain from Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

To reduce risk factors that lead to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, consider the following:    
Your desk and chair must be considered as a unit.

What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, according to Taber’s Medical Dictionary, is defined as:  

“A repetitive motion injury causing pain or numbness that affects some part of the median nerve distribution of the hand and may radiate into the arm.”

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a cumulative trauma disorder (a/k/a musculoskeletal disorder) that affects the nerves.  

Musculoskeletal nerve disorders include:

  • nerve compression, 
  • nerve entrapment, and 
  • vibration-induced problems (1).   

What causes Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

  • Repetitive motion of the hands and wrists;
  • External Compression of the wrists;
  • Internal Compression of the wrists.

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Epidemic of Low Back Pain from Forward Bending

Frequent forward bending while sitting or standing is a risk factor for low back pain. The Buttpillow (TM) Patented Ergonomic Seating Cushion has a wedge shape and can minimize risk factors for the development of low back pain while sitting.



In this study, a motion analysis system was used to measure the amount and velocity of lumbar spine and hip motion during forward bending.

The authors begin by citing the following previous findings:

Epidemic of Low Back Pain

“Disorders of the low back have reached epidemic proportions, (DeRosa, C.P., 1992).”

Lost Work Time | Workers’ Compensation Claims from Low Back Pain 

“Epidemiologic studies show that billions of dollars are spent annually on the problem of low back pain, which is one of the most commonly-cited problems for lost work time in industry and Workers’ Compensation claims, (Chase, J.A., 1992; Frymoyer, J.W., 1988; and Pope, M.H., et al., 1991).”

Frequent Forward Bending Causes Low Back Pain

“Researchers have shown an association between frequent forward bending and low back pain, (Berquist-Ullman, M., et al., 1977; Magora, A., 1973; Mellin, G., 1986; Punnett, L, et al., 1991; Svensson H.O., et al., 1989; Videman T., et al., 1989).”


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