Neck and Shoulder Pain

Neck and Shoulder pain are common among men and women. Younger and younger individuals are suffering with neck and shoulder pain. Preventative measures must be taken. Lumbar and pelvic position should be considered when control of cervical posture is desired to relieve or prevent neck pain. Use of a forward-slanted seat surface has been shown to reduce risk factors for neck and shoulder pain since it helps the sitting individual keep their cervical (neck) and lumbar (low back) spine aligned while seated. The risk factors for and causes of Neck and Shoulder pain that are outlined in the research are listed. Preventative measures for the development of Neck and Shoulder pain that are outlined in the research are also listed.

How Common is Neck and Shoulder Pain? 

A review of the medical literature from 1966 to 1997 showed that the one-year prevalence for neck and shoulder pain was 29 percent for men and 40 percent for women (1).

Can I Prevent Neck and Shoulder Pain?

It is necessary to take preventative measures.

Ergonomic aspects of the preventative measures should include:

  • Appropriate worker selection with sufficient training and instruction
  • Ergonomic design of workplaces
  • Ergonomic considerations in work organization (2)

Ergonomic Training Should Start Early to Minimize Risk of Neck and Shoulder Pain

Neck and shoulder pain are major problems in modern society.

With the increased use of computers and stationary designed workplaces, younger and younger people are faced with cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the neck and shoulders.

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Pressure Sores

A healthy person can develop a pressure sore in 6 to 12 hours. While 63 percent of patients who sit for unlimited periods of time develop pressure sores, only 7 percent who sit for maximum periods of 2 hours develop pressure sores. Although there are several intrinsic (within the body) risk factors for pressure sores, there is only one extrinsic (coming from outside the body) risk factor for pressure sores: Pressure. Cushions can be used to reduce external pressure. Studies show it is best to change posture frequently and use a medium density, open-cell foam cushion that envelops the buttocks to minimize external pressure.

A Healthy Person can Develop Pressure Sores in 6 – 12 Hours

“A healthy individual can develop pressure sores in six to twelve hours if left undisturbed in the same position, (Hargast, T., 1979; Staggs, K., 1983; Torrence, C., 1981).” (2)

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