Neck and Shoulder pain are common among men and women. Younger and younger individuals are suffering with neck and shoulder pain. Preventative measures must be taken. Lumbar and pelvic position should be considered when control of cervical posture is desired to relieve or prevent neck pain. Use of a forward-slanted seat surface has been shown to reduce risk factors for neck and shoulder pain since it helps the sitting individual keep their cervical (neck) and lumbar (low back) spine aligned while seated. The risk factors for and causes of Neck and Shoulder pain that are outlined in the research are listed. Preventative measures for the development of Neck and Shoulder pain that are outlined in the research are also listed.
How Common is Neck and Shoulder Pain?
A review of the medical literature from 1966 to 1997 showed that the one-year prevalence for neck and shoulder pain was 29 percent for men and 40 percent for women (1).
Can I Prevent Neck and Shoulder Pain?
It is necessary to take preventative measures.
Ergonomic aspects of the preventative measures should include:
- Appropriate worker selection with sufficient training and instruction
- Ergonomic design of workplaces
- Ergonomic considerations in work organization (2)
Ergonomic Training Should Start Early to Minimize Risk of Neck and Shoulder Pain
Neck and shoulder pain are major problems in modern society.
With the increased use of computers and stationary designed workplaces, younger and younger people are faced with cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the neck and shoulders.
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Information about what Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is and what causes Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Also includes information about: How to Sit to minimize your risk factors for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome; How to Hold your Wrists to minimize risk factors for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome; and How to Work to minimize your chance of developing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
How Can I Prevent Wrist Pain from Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
To reduce risk factors that lead to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, consider the following:
Your desk and chair must be considered as a unit.
What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, according to Taber’s Medical Dictionary, is defined as:
“A repetitive motion injury causing pain or numbness that affects some part of the median nerve distribution of the hand and may radiate into the arm.”
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a cumulative trauma disorder (a/k/a musculoskeletal disorder) that affects the nerves.
Musculoskeletal nerve disorders include:
- nerve compression,
- nerve entrapment, and
- vibration-induced problems (1).
What causes Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
- Repetitive motion of the hands and wrists;
- External Compression of the wrists;
- Internal Compression of the wrists.
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Discussion of ergonomics and ergonomic design to minimize risk factors for the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs). Also includes discussion of OSHA Standard 29 CFR Part 1910 to explain the benefits of prevention of MSDs and CTDs to employers and employees. Prevention of musculoskeletal pain is also relevant to individuals who spend a lot of time social networking, gaming, or blogging.
What is Ergonomics?
Ergonomics is the science of fitting jobs to people, including anatomy, physiology, and psychology.
What is Ergonomic Design?
Ergonomic design is the application of this body of knowledge to the design of the workplace (i.e., work tasks, equipment, environment) for safe and efficient use by workers.
Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs)
Up to 85 percent of the population will suffer from musculoskeletal pain.
Ergonomic Design for Prevention of MSDs
Musculoskeletal pain is a leading cause of health-care visits, particularly in primary care, sick absenteeism, and early pensions. . .Thus preventing disability and high-cost cases may result in large economic savings (2).
Until prevention is granted more resources, programs need to be relatively cheap; and this suggests incorporating them into existing practice routines (2).
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